Excerpts of Love Medicine by Louise Erdrich. Copyright © 1984 by Louise Erdrich, used with permission of The Wylie Agency LLC.
An interview with Josephine Reed for The NEA Big Read. February 2009.
Gudzune, Jeffrey R. "Midewiwin," in Native American/First Nations History website. (accessed April 4, 2009).
McNally, Amy Leigh, and Piyali Nath Dalal. “Louise Erdrich, b. 1954.”
Voices from the Gaps website, May 27, 1999. (accessed July 22, 2010).
Porterfield, Kay Marie and Emory Dean Keoke. American Indian Contributions to the World: 15,000 Years of Inventions and Innovations. New York: Checkmark Books, 2003.
Spillman, Robert. “The Creative Instinct.” Interview in Salon, May 6, 1996. (accessed March 30, 2009).
Warren, William W. History of the Ojibway People. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1984.
Writers: Catherine Brown with Molly Thomas-Hicks for the National Endowment for the Arts
Graphic Design for PDF files: Fletcher Design/Washington, DC
Special thanks to Howard Bass, Demelza Champagne (Turtle Mountain Chippewa), and Anya Montiel at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC, and Shannon Martin (Gun Lake Pottawatomi) of the Ziibiwing Center of Anishinabe Culture & Lifeways in Mt. Pleasant, MI, for their valuable assistance with this guide.