Excerpts reprinted by permission of Scribner, an imprint of Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group from A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway. Copyright 1929 Charles Scribner's Sons. Copyright renewed 1957 by Ernest Hemingway.
Cowley, Malcolm. Exile's Return: A Literary Odyssey of the 1920s. 1934. Rev. ed. New York: Viking, 1951.
Hemingway, Ernest. A Moveable Feast. 1964. New York: Scribner, 2003.
---. Death in the Afternoon. 1932. New York: Scribner, 1996.
Lynn, Kenneth S. Hemingway. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995.
Phillips, Larry, ed. Ernest Hemingway on Writing. New York: Scribner, 1984.
Writers: Garrick Davis and Erika Koss for the National Endowment for the Arts